Długi Targ was once the main city marketplace and is now the important focus for people. Things have gotten somewhat touristy here on the previous decade (suspicious flowery stalls, restaurant touts), but look from the audiences to love the span design, most of which really is really just a very selective post-war reconstruct, obviously.
Museum of WWII
Founded in 2016, this spectacular piece of modern structure is a daring addition to this northern end of Gdańsk’s waterfront. It’s quickly become one of Gdańsk’s must-visit attractions, following the destiny of Poland throughout the world’s greatest conflict and focusing on the individual suffering it caused. Few leave unmoved. Covering sq yards, an absolute minimum of 3 hours is needed to perform the major display justice. Be aware that the museum isn’t suitable for kids of any age.
European Solidarity Centre
Opened in 2014, and placed in a really terrible case of 21st-century design (its own stainless steel plates were designed to elicit boats under construction), this display has quickly become among Gdańsk’s unmissable museums. Audio guides to ears, traffic wander throughout seven championships examining Poland’s postwar battle for freedom, by the Gdańsk shipyard strikes of the 1970s to the round-table negotiations of the late 1980s and outside. The displays combine innovative multimedia using real artefacts. Allow a minimum of 2 or three weeks.
St Mary’s Church
Dominating the center of the Old Town, St Mary’s is often cited as the largest brick church on earth, its gigantic 78m-high tower dominating the Gdańsk cityscape. The construction reached its present proportions in 1502. The priest includes a polyptych with the Coronation of the Virgin portrayed in its principal panel, from the 1510s. Do not miss the 15th-century astronomical clock from the northern transept, and the church tower (a climb of 405 steps).
Artus Court Museum
Growing in all its adorned grandeur behind the Neptune Fountain, the Artus Court is probably the only best-known dwelling in Gdańsk. The court was a vital stop for departure luminaries from the time its earliest days, and a photo display from the entrance indicates a selection of famous visitors, to a plethora of presidents from King Henry IV of England. It was comprehensively destroyed during WWII but was painstakingly restored from historical records and old photographs.
St Bridget’s Church
St Bridget’s was reduced to brick dust in 1945, also until 1970 simply the outer walls were left position. Hardly any of these pre war furnishings endured, but in the event that you’ve taken a fancy to amber you’re sure to appreciate the spectacular flowery monstrance depicting the tree of life and also the enormous high altar. This arrangement is the highlight of the inner and also possesses a record-breaking 6500kg of ancient tree resin that is polished.
National Maritime Museum
That really is a sprawling exhibition covering Gdańsk’s function because of Baltic seaport through the centuries. The multimillion-euro Maritime Cultural Centre, the headquarters, features a permanent interactive exhibition’People-Ships-Ports’. Other exhibitions (which can be visited individually with different tickets) comprise the MS Sołdek, the very first vessel to be constructed at the Gdańsk shipyard in the postwar years, and also the Żuraw, a 15th-century loading crane which has been the biggest in its own day. Longer displays are housed by the granaries throughout the river.
Historical Museum of Gdańsk
This museum is situated in the early town hall, that maintains Gdańsk’s highest tower at 81.5m. The showpiece is the Red Room (Sala Czerwona), done up in Dutch Mannerist style at the end of the 16th century. The 2nd floor homes exhibits related to Gdańsk’s history, for example imitations of older Gdańsk interiors. From here you can access the tower for great views.
Section of This National Maritime Museum, the oh-so conspicuous Gdańsk Crane Located above the busy waterfront. Builtin the mid-15th century as part of their gate in the shoreline, it functioned to set up and remove ships’ masts, and also to load and unload heavy cargo. Incredibly, this human-powered apparatus could vibrate heaps up to 2000kg, which makes it the biggest crane medieval Europe.
The most atmospheric of Gdańsk’s streets and one of Poland’s most densely populated lanes is the length of cobbles between the waterfront St Mary’s Gate and also the red-brick hulk of St Mary’s Church. Nearly completely recreated after WWII, mostly on the basis of illustrations, photographs and old documents, every decorative detail discovered from the debris, for example countless gargoyles that were scary, had been incorporated.
The surprise since you approach the cathedral could be the facade, a composition using a central portion wedged between them. The inside looks incredibly long, mainly due to the odd proportions of this construction — both the nave and chancel together are 90m long although only 8.3m wide. At the end of the’tunnel’ is really just a baroque high altar (1688); the marble tombstone of the Pomeranian dukes (1613) is located in the right transept.
St Nicholas’ Church
Erected from the Dominican purchase on its own birth from Kraków at 1227, this really is just one of Gdańsk’s earliest areas of Christian worship and it seems that way inside. It was that the sole church to flee hurt in WWII — based on a story, the Soviet troops deliberately avoided shelling it.
Unlike most of the other amazing churches from the metropolis, the inside of St Nick’s is very richly decorated with all ornately carved pews liner the nave and altars. The Late Renaissance high star of 1647 grabs the attention, followed closely by the imposing baroque penis left a century.
St Catherine’s Church
The largest monument of the Old Town is St Catherine’s Church, Gdańsk’s oldest, that has been started from the 1220s. Until St Mary’s has been completed, it had been the parish church for your full town. As is common, the church evolved over centuries and just reached its final shape in the mid-15th century (save for the baroque top to the tower, inserted in 1634).
Built in 1612, the Golden Gate was designed by Abraham van den Block, son of This Person behind the decoration of Their Upland Gate. It’s sort of triumphal arch topped with eight statues and ornamented with a colonnade.
Guardhouse No 1
Even the Westerplatte area is known for one thing: it was here, at 4.45am on 1 September 1939, that the initial shots of WWII were terminated during the Roman invasion of Poland. The German battle ship Schleswig-Holstein began shelling the Polish guard post. The garrison of simply 182 men held out prior to repainting.
The website is a memorial, with some of the ruins abandoned as they were after the bombardment, plus a gigantic monument. The living guard-house a small exhibition.
According to legend, the Neptune Fountain, next to the Town Hall, once gushed forth with All the trademark Gdańsk liqueur, Goldwasser. As the story goes, it spurted from the one nighttime that was trident and Neptune found himself threatened by audiences of drunken locals. The bronze has been artist Peter Husen’s work; it had been made between 1613 and 1606 and is now the oldest imperial monument of Poland. A menagerie of rock sea animals was added in the 1750s.
Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers
Just in front of the shipyard gates, the most Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers commemorates those killed in the riots of 1970. Revealed on 16 December 1980, 10 years the monument will be a set of three dimensional steel crosses that are 42m-tall, with a series of bronze basreliefs within their bases. The very first monument in a country to commemorate the victims of the regime, it turned into an instant symbol and remains so today.
Długi Targ is flanked from the east from the Green Gate, Signaling That the Finish of This Royal Way. It was developed at the 1560s on the site of a gate that was defensive and was supposed to become the house of these kings. Nevertheless they stayed in what turned out to be a cold and uncomfortable lodge, preferring the houses nearby, specially those opposite Artus Court.
The 1618 Golden House has got the richest facade from the metropolis. At the friezes between storeys are 1 2 scenes combined with busts of famous historical characters, involving two kings. The four statues waving by the balustrade on top for you are Antigone, Oedipus, Achilles and Cleopatra.
This museum is focused on all things antiques and also the craft of creating and design amber jewellery. It’s found in the Foregate, a former prison and torture chamber, therefore along with amber screens, there are also some startlingly realistic displays of torture chambers. Two for one!
Lined by the town’s grandest facades, the Royal Way has been the route and the Hebrew kings paraded during their regular visits. Of those three Royal Ways at Poland (Warsaw, Kraków and Gdańsk), Gdańsk’s is that the shortest — it’s merely 500m long, but architecturally it is possibly the most refined.
This London Eye–style enormous wheel was installed as part of the clean up of Ołowianka Island and has been a welcome addition to the part of town. The ride lasts fifteen minutes and from the top of the rotation there are views of the middle and outside.
Dominating Długi Targ, Gdańsk’s impressive Gothic-Renaissance town hall boasts the city’s highest tower in 81.5m. It’s home to the Historical Museum of Gdańsk.
This 18thcentury residence that is historical features elaborate furniture. Take a minute to look at loved ones and history of this Uphagen family as you pass beyond the kitchen.
Gdańsk’s former Lenin Shipyard is a key fragment of all 20th-century European history. It was here that the important cracks from Eastern Europe’s communist wall seemed when discontent with the regimen pitched over into dissent and attacks , brutally stamped out by force in 1970. A decade after an electrician named Lech Wałęsa appeared to rouse crowds of strikers here, resulting in the formation of the Solidarity movement and ultimately to democracy for Poland and a lot of the Eastern bloc.
The big 15th-century structure called the Foregate includes the Torture House (Katownia) into the west along with a high Prison Tower (Wieża Więzienna) to the east, connected to another by two walls. Whenever the Upland Gate was assembled, its function was lost by the Foregate and has been changed into a jail. The Torture House had an additional storey inserted as a courtroom and was topped with Renaissance parapets.
Ul Piwna terminates an architectural Jewel, at the Great Arsenal. The job of Antonius van Opbergen, it had been built at the beginning of the 17th century and, like most of Gdańsk’s architecture, clearly shows the effect of the Low Countries. Figures of troops on top, floridly decorate and safeguarded the main oriental facade, framed over two side panels. Motifs predominate, and the city’s coat of arms guards the doors.
This club at the western end of Royal Way was the traditional entry point for the kings. It was built as a portion of their fortifications, which were constructed outside the medieval walls of the city to fortify the method. Police were not happy with the initial structure, therefore in 1586 they commissioned Flemish artist, Willem van den Block, to decorate it, covering it with sandstone slabs and ornamenting it with three coats of arms: Prussia (unicorns), Poland (angels) and also Gdańsk (lions).
Standing conspicuously opposite St Catherine’s Church, the Great Mill lives up to its Own Name. Created by the Teutonic Knights in the average redbrick of Poland around 1350, it was medieval Europe’s largest mill at greater 40m long and 26m high. With a group of 18 monster millstones (now gone), each 5m in diameter, the mill produced 200 tonnes of flour per day straight up until 1945.
The Sala BHP may be the Health and Safety building where the 2 1 requirements were signed off and where strikes were also coordinated. The hallway has been left exactly as it had been then but today also hosts a display to the shipyard, with models of boats it once built and also a section on its own fate today (it’s currently owned by a Ukrainian organization also makes wind generators ). To achieve this you go the initial shipyard gate the workers once streamed through.
- 1 Długi Targ
- 2 Museum of WWII
- 3 European Solidarity Centre
- 4 St Mary’s Church
- 5 Artus Court Museum
- 6 St Bridget’s Church
- 7 National Maritime Museum
- 8 Historical Museum of Gdańsk
- 9 Żuraw
- 10 Ulica Mariacka
- 11 Oliwa Cathedral
- 12 St Nicholas’ Church
- 13 St Catherine’s Church
- 14 Golden Gate
- 15 Guardhouse No 1
- 16 Neptune Fountain
- 17 Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers
- 18 Green Gate
- 19 Golden House
- 20 Amber Museum
- 21 Royal Way
- 22 Big Wheel
- 23 Town Hall
- 24 Uphagens’ House
- 25 Gdańsk Shipyard
- 26 Foregate
- 27 Great Arsenal
- 28 Upland Gate
- 29 Great Mill
- 30 Sala BHP